While UTIs are usually associated with women, anyone can develop a urinary tract infection. A UTI is essentially an infection of the urinary bladder, the ureters, the urethra, or the kidneys and is usually detected when a person experiences a burning sensation while urinating. Additionally, individuals with a UTI may experience lower abdominal pain, an abnormal urine color, or pressure at the pelvis.
UTIs are caused by bacteria that enter the urinary tract. The chances of this happening increase during or after sex and defecation. Individuals with weakened immune systems or kidney-related conditions are also likely to get UTIs.
The bacteria mostly target the urinary bladder and urethra, but may make their way up the ureters and to the kidneys. The type of UTI may depend on the region affected.
UTIs can be diagnosed through various methods. In most cases, your physician will ask you to get a urinalysis or a urine culture test to detect bacteria in the urine. A urine culture also helps identify the type of bacteria present.
If you get UTIs frequently or haven’t responded to previous treatment, you may be asked to get a CT scan, an ultrasound, or a cystoscopy. These tests are used to further inspect the condition of the urinary tract and detect signs of disease or injury.
Most mild cases of UTIs are treated through medication. Antibiotics such as doxycycline, amoxicillin, and nitrofurantoin are commonly used to treat them. It’s imperative to continue taking antibiotics for the duration outlined by your physician, even if your symptoms subside or disappear. This helps prevent chances of reinfection.
If you continue to get UTIs, your antibiotic dosage might be increased or you might be prescribed an IV antibiotic treatment. Vaginal estrogen therapy may also be recommended to women who’ve hit menopause.
Looking for a urologist in Houston to discuss your symptoms? There’s one near you who can help.
TOPS Surgical Specialty Hospital is a specialty hospital in Houston that provides urological and pain management treatments, among other disciplines. Our experienced urologists have effectively diagnosed and treated a variety conditions, including UTIs.