Breast cancer is a disease that affects millions of women worldwide, and it’s important to know how specialists are treating it. There are several different types of breast cancer treatments used to help fight this disease: chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, and hormone therapy.
Chemotherapy attacks fast-growing cancer cells while they’re still too small to be removed by surgery. The drugs travel through your bloodstream and organs killing cancer cells wherever they find them. Usually, if you are diagnosed with stage 1 or 2 breast cancer, chemotherapy might be recommended as an additional treatment option to surgery.
There are different modes of chemotherapy, including oral, injected, and intravenous. It all depends on where the cancer is located and its type.
There are different types of breast cancer surgeries, including lumpectomy and mastectomy. In a lumpectomy, a cyst or tumor is removed from your breast. In a mastectomy, the whole affected breast is removed. If your doctor finds that your cancer has spread to other parts of your body, they may also recommend removing lymph nodes near where the tumor was found.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells in areas where doctors have detected them with diagnostic tools such as mammograms and ultrasounds. Radiation treatments are usually given five days a week over six weeks; patients require minimal recovery time after each session because there isn’t any surgery involved. Some cancer cells can remain even after surgery, so radiation therapy is administered to kill them off.
Hormone therapy uses drugs to block the effects of estrogen or progesterone on breast tissue to slow down or stop breast cell growth. It can be used only if a woman has estrogen-receptor-positive breast cancer, but it’s an effective treatment option for many patients.
The Comprehensive Breast Center at TOPS Surgical Specialty Hospital is a leading breast screening and diagnostic facility in Houston that provides comprehensive treatments, including breast ultrasound-guided cyst aspiration, breast sentinel node injection, and mammography in Spring TX.
Get in touch with our surgeons in Houston to discuss your case. Explore our website to find the right breast surgeon specialist who will help you determine the next steps.